Pigeon Images Photo By Kalyan Bhattacharya

Pigeon Images: The Historical Bird

in Birds on July 2, 2019

Pigeon Images: The Historical Bird

Pigeons are the most common type of birds found all over the world. It belongs to the family Columbidae which occurs worldwide. The greatest variety of pigeon images is found in Indomalaya and Australia.


From the Latin word ‘pipio’ which means ‘peeking cheek’, we can derive the French word ‘pigeon’. The physical features of a pigeon include; stout body with a short neck and short and slender beaks with fleshy ceres. There are about 42 genera and 310 species of pigeons worldwide. These include; the homing pigeon, racing pigeon, fantail pigeon, etc. The largest species of the bird is the crowned pigeon which is the same size as a turkey. We can find this species in New Guinea.  At present, the Marquesan imperial pigeon is one of the species that is close to its extinction


We can pigeons all around the earth except in the Sahara desert and Antarctica. They are more available in the oceanic islands of the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It is a very adaptive bird because of its ability to adapt not only in the arboreal, terrestrial areas but also in the barren and deserted ones.


Pigeons mainly feed on seeds and fruits. Depending on their food diet, we can divide them into two types. These are the seed-eating species which feed on seeds found in the ground while the fruit-eating species feed on fruits from trees. Some of these species also feed on insects and worms.


Humans are domesticating pigeons for more than thousands of years. A large variety of pigeons rose due to the breeding of different species. The most well-known amongst them are the racing homer pigeons.


We consider various species of pigeons as a good source of food worldwide but all of them are edible. From the ancient Rome to medieval Europe, humans considered pigeons as a great food source whether domesticated or hunted.


Pigeons have a great contribution in our military activities. During World War I and II, the UK, Australian, French, German and American forces used pigeons. For their brave contribution, they get the honor of the Dickin Medal. Winkie, Tyke and the White Vision were the first pigeons to get this honor in 1943.


Human activities were very beneficial to many pigeon species. It helped them to increase their number. On the other hand, some species of pigeons are either extinct or on the verge of extinction. Around 19% of the total species that is about 59 of them are almost on the verge of extinction. About 10 species of pigeons were extinct before 1600. Among them, the dodo and the passenger pigeon are noteworthy examples of extinct pigeon species.

Countries all over the world are taking various essential measures to conserve the pigeon species from extinction. They are setting up laws and regulations to establish protected areas to prevent their extinction as well as habitat loss, to control excessive hunting and to establish reintroduction of captive species into the wild.

Pigeon images portray a very useful bird species which is not only adaptive but also very helpful. From meeting our food demand in the ancient times till now to their brave contribution in our warfare, human civilization is getting the proof of their merits. Despite this, hunting and binding of pigeons are threatening their existence in this world. All in all, we must conserve these birds properly for our own benefit.

Photo By Kalyan Bhattacharya